Report of the World Health Organization (WHO)
In May 2015, the World Health Assembly endorsed a new Global Technical Strategy for Malaria. The strategy includes ambitious goals for malaria control and elimination in the next 15-year period. A key target: eliminating malaria in at least 10 countries by 2020. According to a new analysis from WHO, this goal can be achieved – and surpassed. The report identifies 21 countries that are in a position to eliminate malaria within the next 5 years.
Countries and communities are situated at different points along the road to elimination. The rate of progress in a particular country will depend on the strength of its national health system, the level of investment in malaria control and a number of other factors, including biological determinants;6 the environment; and the social, demographic, political and economic realities of a particular country.
Malaria elimination efforts are driven by ministries of health in endemic countries. As countries approach elimination, they continue to receive technical support from WHO and partners and, in some cases, financial support from the Global Fund and other donors. However, most elimination efforts are financed largely through domestic resources...
Ten countries in Central America and the Caribbean have joined a regional initiative to eliminate malaria by 2020. Costa Rica is leading the way: in 2014, the country reported zero indigenous cases of malaria and a small number of imported cases. That same year, Belize (19 indigenous cases) and El Salvador (six indigenous cases) were well on their way to eliminating malaria. Mexico reduced its malaria burden from nearly 7400 confirmed cases in 2000 to 656 cases in 2014.
In South America, Argentina has reported zero indigenous cases of malaria for more than three consecutive years; the country has requested an official certification from WHO of its malaria-free status. In 2014, Paraguay reported zero indigenous cases of malaria and a small number of imported cases. Ecuador has achieved a steep decline in its malaria burden, from approximately 100 000 cases in 2000 to just 241 cases in 2014. Suriname has also reported a sharp drop in malaria cases – from approximately 11 000 cases in the year 2000 to 374 cases in 2014.