Government, Civil Society, Private Sector: Joint Efforts in Caribbean Countries toward Sustainable Development
The Caribbean is a well-known magnificent region. It holds cultural heritages, folk traditions, and an exquisite gastronomy. It is also the home of breathtaking sceneries where tourism is a big attraction. In fact, the tourism sector represents 14% of total region GDP. In addition, very diverse flora and fauna exist, most countries contain 21% to 30% of their territory covered by a wide variety of trees contributing to the already exotic environment there is in the Caribbean.
Moreover, the Caribbean is extremely rich in natural resources, which contributes to the economic development, especially those countries that produce precious stones such as: gold, bauxite, iron, nickel, and timber. In fact, the Caribbean alongside the Latin America región holds about 12.5% of the conventional reserves. Looking at the Caribbean promising resources and land, it is shocking to acknowledge that this region faces many challenges that threat its magnificence and its sustainable development.
It is assumed that due to Climate Change, the region is now more often exposed to storms, hurricanes, and thunderstorms that affect the production of goods (i.e., agriculture and extractive industries) that are exported to other countries and thus develop the economy. The health sector is threatened by both communicable and non-communicable diseases that affect the regions’ productivity and overall economic growth; Caribbean data on health shows that the obesity rate was 14.8% in 2010.
In addition, high energy costs erode productivity to sustain local production and businesses, which increase cost of living, not to mention the extensive damage it does to climate change and sustainability. Other challenges include: gender inequalities, biodiversity and natural resource management, fiscal policies, and open and participatory governance. To address these challenges and improve the region’s potential, it is vital to foster a sustainable development culture in the Caribbean.
This sourcebook seeks to create a common language and to share information, promote constructive dialogue, improve consultations, foster collaborations and partnerships among the main actors of sustainable development: Governments, Private Sector and Civil Society to: Identify and explore the common development challenges in the Caribbean region; Identify opportunities for collaboration and partnerships among civil society, governments, and private sector to address these challenges and Strengthen the institutional capacity of Civil Society organizations to add their efforts to governments' development goals.