Working Paper, Centrale Bank van Aruba
This working paper explores the twin challenges of overtourism and climate change in small island tourism economies. Overtourism describes the adverse impact of uncontrolled tourism growth – an overshoot of tourism – that influences the well-being of citizens and the degradation of natural habitats and biodiversity, which may result in diminishing visitor experiences and expenditures.
Overtourism reflects tourism growth that has moved beyond the level of acceptable change in a destination due to significant levels of tourism intensity and tourism density,resulting in increased economic vulnerability, social costs, and environmental degradation.
In addition, changes in climate over time, whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity, exacerbate an already precarious situation. Climate change through extreme weather events and gradual warming can intensify and aggravate the adverse effects of overtourism, especially in small island tourism economies where tourism is concentrated in coastal zones.