Paving the way to decent work for young people
The case for accelerated global action targeting child labour and the lack of decent work opportunities for youth is very clear. Some 168 million children remain trapped in child labour while at the same time there are 75 million young persons aged 15 to 24 years of age who are unemployed and many more who must settle for jobs that fail to offer a fair income, security in the workplace, social protection or other basic decent work attributes.
This World Report focuses on the twin challenges of child labour elimination and ensuring decent work for youth. This focus is driven by the obstacles that child labour and the youth decent work deficit pose to implementing the Post-2015 Development Agenda and by the close connection between the two challenges. The Report makes the case that achieving decent work for all, one of the likely core Sustainable Development Goals for the post-2015 period, will not be possible without eliminating child labour and erasing the decent work deficit faced by youth.
The Report begins with a background discussion of standards, concepts and policy. It then proceeds to a discussion of the two-way linkages between child labour and youth employment: first, how child labour and early schooling leaving affect the transition paths of youth and their eventual employment outcomes; and second, how youth employment difficulties and low returns to education can impact on household decisions concerning child labour and schooling earlier in the lifecycle.
The Report then addresses the issue of child labour among 15–17 years age group, the overlapping group that is relevant to broader efforts relating to both child labour and youth employment. The Report concludes with a set of recommendations for aligning and improving the coherence of policies and programmes addressing child labour and the youth decent work deficit.